In this lesson, we have covered:



x1 is a cow/cattle/kine/ox/[bull/steer/calf] [beef-producer/bovine] of species/breed x2


x1 is a kebab (Yet another one of those funny-shaped words...)


x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity/expanse of water; (adjective:) x1 is aqueous/[aquatic]


x1 is alien/foreign/[exotic]/unfamiliar to x2 in property x3 (ka)


x1 is a chicken/[hen/cock/rooster]/small fowl [a type of bird] of species/breed x2


Pay Attention! Followed by the name of the person; same grammar as doi and coi (selma'o COI)


x1 is outer space near/associated with celestial body/region x2


x1 is a sheep/[lamb/ewe/ram] of species/breed x2 of flock x3


x1 is a quantity of/contains bread [leavened or unleavened] made from grains x2


x1 (agent) touches x2 with x3 [a locus on x1 or an instrument] at x4 [a locus on x2]


x1 (source) provides/supplies/furnishes x2 [supply/commodity] to x3 [recipient]


x1 is a quantity of/contains onions/scallions of type/cultivar x2


x1 (event/action abstract) surprises/startles/is unexpected [and generally sudden] to x2


x1 (abstract) is amusing/entertaining to x2 in property/aspect x3; x3 is what amuses x2 about x1

Exercise 6

Translate from Lojban.

  1. .i le bevri cu klama le jubme pe le ci pendo gi'e cusku lu .i do djica lenu do citka ma li'u

  2. .i la ranjit. cusku lu .i do ca sabji le mo cidjrkari ja cidjrkebabi li'u

  3. .i le bevri cu cusku lu .i lanme ja bakni ja jipci li'u

  4. .i la ranjit. cu cusku lu .i mi djica lo bakni cidjrkari .e lo sluni nanba li'u

  5. .i le bevri fi la djiotis. cu dunda fe loi djacu gi'e cusku fe lu .i do djica ma li'u

  6. .i la djiotis cusku lu .i lo cidjrkari li'u

  7. .iseki'ubo le bevri cu cusku lu .i lanme je'i bakni li'u

  8. .i la djiotis. cusku lu .i naje li'u

Exercise 7

Translate into Lojban.

  1. The waiter turns to Susan, smiles, and says "Lamb or beef?"

  2. Susan either didn't hear the waiter, or didn't pay attention to him.

  3. Jyoti touches Susan on the shoulder and says "Hey, Susan?"

  4. Susan is surprised, and says "Um... Chicken."

  5. Jyoti says "Hope you enjoyed travelling through outer space — whether or not you met any aliens." (Use an attitudinal for 'Hope.')