In this lesson, we have covered:



today (cabna 'now' + djedi 'day')


x1 is an expert/pro/has prowess in/is skilled at x2 (event/activity) by standard x3


x1 (event/state) confuses/baffles x2 [observer] due to [confusing] property x3 (ka)


x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of coffee from source/bean/grain x2


x1 is school/institute/academy at x2 teaching subject(s) x3 to audien./commun. x4 operated by x5


x1 frowns/grimaces (facial expression)


x1 is hot/[warm] by standard x2


x1 [energy] is light/illumination illuminating x2 from light source x3


x1 is a/the foot [body-part] of x2


x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of milk from source x2; (adjective:) x1 is lactic/dairy


convert number to ordinal selbri; x1 is (n)th member of set x2 ordered by rule x3


abstractor: quantity/amount abstractor; 'the amount that...'


x1 is a pelt/skin/hide/leather from x2


x1 is a/the head [body-part] of x2


x1 is made of/contains/is a quantity of a carbonated beverage/soda of flavor/brand x2


x1 is superlative in property x2 (ka), the x3 extreme (ka; default ka zmadu) among set/range x4


x1 removes/subtracts/deducts/takes away x2 from x3 with/leaving result/remnant/remainder x4


x1 makes/assembles/builds/manufactures/creates x2 out of materials/parts/components x3


x1 exceeds/is more than x2 in property/quantity x3 (ka/ni) by amount/excess x4

Exercise 4

Translate from Lojban.

  1. .i la jan. traji leka zirpu kei fo la jan. ce la ranjit. ce la djiotis. ce la suzyn.

  2. .i ji'a la jan. gonai zmadu la ranjit. leni certu lenu dansu gi xalfekfri caku

  3. .i la suzyn. cu bevri loi birje gi loi sodva fa'u gi la djiotis. fa'u la jan.

  4. .i la jan. gu'u sutra gi djica pinxe lei sodva

  5. .i la ranjit. cusku lu .i pe'ipei do baza djica loi glare cnino bo se zbasu ckafi li'u

  6. .i la jan. cusku lu .i cnino skapi ki'a .i le ca skapi be mi cu stedu bi'i jamfu melbi li'u

  7. .i la ranjit. krixa lu .i ckafi li'u

  8. .i la jan. se cfipu catlu gi'e ba ke cmila gi'e cusku lu .i na go'i doi bebna .i mi pinxe loi sodva li'u

Exercise 5

Translate into Lojban. Use only forethought connectives.

  1. Jyoti, who is holding and drinking coffee, speaks to Susan.

  2. "It's good that Zhang is here, and that you met him today."

  3. Susan says "Tell me about Ranjeet, not Zhang."

  4. "Is he an old schoolfriend of yours?"

  5. Just then, Susan hears Superfreak, the first out of the songs which are danced to (= to dance to.)

  6. Susan shouts "Yay!", and she and Ranjeet start dancing.

  7. Jyoti stares at Zhang, who is smiling and building a chicken out of pretzels, and frowns. (Make a fu'ivla for pretzel based on nanba 'bread'. Be careful, by the way: is Zhang really constructing a chicken?)

  8. An alien space vehicle arrives, shines light, and removes the four friends from the disco. (Use ce'o to join the steps in this somewhat unlikely sequence of events.)