|Lojban For Beginners — velcli befi la lojban. bei loi co'a cilre|
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In this chapter, we have covered the following topics:
How to refer back to previous sumti, using the previous bridi (le go'i), counting sumti (ri, ra, ru), assigning pro-sumti (ko'a–ko'u, fo'a–fo'u), and using acronyms (Lojban letters).
How to refer to existential x ('something, someone') (da, de, di).
Referring to motion in Lojban (mo'i).
How to give direct quotations (lu ... li'u).
How to give indirect quotations (se du'u).
How to refer to facts (du'u) as distinct from events (nu).
Lojban's complement of first and second person pro-sumti (do'o, mi'o, mi'a, ma'a).
x1 is foolish/silly in event/action/property [folly] (ka) x2; x1 is a boob
x1 is embarrassed/disconcerted/flustered/ill-at-ease about/under conditions x2 (abstraction)
x1 (abstraction) interests/is interesting to x2; x2 is interested in x1
disco [dansu (dance) + dinju (building)]
'I suggest' (attitudinal)
x1 is much/extreme in property x2 (ka), towards x3 extreme/direction; x1 is, in x2, very x3
down, below (space 'tense')
meet for the first time [cnino (new) + penmi (meet)]
'I think' (opinion attitudinal)
x1 meets/encounters x2 at/in location x3
x1 seems/appears to have property(ies) x2 to observer x3 under conditions x4
x1 (set) has members who mutually/reciprocally x2
The story is now on in earnest! For each of the highlighted pro-sumti, say who or what they mean. (Oh, and translate the sentences, too.)
x1 is bound/obliged to/has the duty to do/be x2 in/by standard/agreement x3; x1 must do x2
x1 reacts/responds/answers by smiling to stimulus x2 under conditions x3 [cisma (smile) + frati (react)]
x1 is anguished/distressed/emotionally wrought/stressed by x2
x1 is a restaurant/cafe/diner serving type-of-food x2 to audience x3
x1 thinks/opines x2 [opinion] (du'u) is true about subject/issue x3 on grounds x4
x1 is with/accompanies/is a companion of x2, in state/condition/enterprise x3 (event/state)
x1 remembers/recalls/recollects fact(s)/memory x2 (du'u) about subject x3
x1 (quoted text) is a question/query about subject x2 by questioner x3 to audience x4
x1 answers/replies to/responds to person/object/event/situation/stimulus x2 with response x3
chemistry [xukmi (chemical) + saske (science)]
Translate into Lojban. Use Lojban letters (acronyms) for the characters to refer to each other. Do not use li'u to close quotations opened with lu at the end of each sentence, but only when the speaker actually stops speaking.