A while after Zhang left, Susan is standing in the bar.
Right now, Susan expects that Zhang will soon
afterwards see Susan.
Susan sees two cups.
[She sees] one previously full one. [She sees] one
currently full one.
(It's amazing what can be tucked away in
exercises. Yes, sumti can have
tenses in Lojban. There's no reason they can't: though there's an article
in front of the gismu in le kabri, that
gismu is still a selbri, and so it still expresses a
relationship. This means that sumti have all the characteristics of
selbri: they have sumti of their own (as we'll see later
on); durations; locations; and tenses. This is an important way Lojban is
different from many (though not all) natural languages: it has no essential
grammatical difference between its 'nouns' and
The one full just a little time ago is now empty (aha!) after
Zhang drank the beer (pah!).
(There's some mischief with terminators and attitudinals here.
Attitudinals apply to the structure that precedes them. If they follow a sumti, they apply to that sumti. If they follow a selbri, they apply to that selbri. If they are at the start of a bridi, on the other hand, they apply to the whole bridi.
Now, .i'enai 'disapproval; Pah!'
follows kei, so it applies to the phrase closed off by
that kei: that is, lenu la jan. pinxe loi birje kei. But .ua follows vau, so it applies to the whole phrase closed off
by vau: namely, the entire bridi, le puzi culno ca kunti ba lenu la
jan. pinxe loi birje.)
Drinking German beer is not liked by all people. (The terminators are the normal implied terminators
for that particular structure. Of course, it's much easier to say
.i lenu pinxe loi dotco birje na se nelci ro lo
prenu, without the kei
ku; the na
acts like cu, to block off
the selbri from its preceding
Susan briefly talks to the carrier. (See? A better word for
waiter already. Notice, too, that you can specify
a duration without specifying a tense.)
"Take that away. Give me a new wine bottle."
"It should not be German."